Have you wondered:
- When was the first bus made
- Who invented the bus
Bus, is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers
History of Bus
Blaise Pascal, an inventor, first launched a bus service in Paris on 18 March 1662. This bus service was called “carriage”.
The first horse-drawn omnibus service was started by a businessman named Stanislas Baudry in the French city of Nantes in 1823. Omnibus means “for all” in Latin. A similar service was introduced in London in 1829.
The horse drawn transportation was becoming hazardous due to road conditions, that’s when Regular intercity bus services by steam-powered buses, which were safer, were pioneered in England in the 1830s by Walter Hancock and associates of Sir Goldsworthy Gurney.
The first mechanical omnibus appeared on the streets of London on 22 April 1833
Electric trolley buses which were fed through trolley poles by overhead wire, were first developed by Siemens brothers (William in England and Ernst Werner in Germany). The first such vehicle, the Electromote, was made Dr. Ernst Werner von Siemens in 1882 in Halensee, Germany. Leeds and Bradford became the first cities to put trolleybuses into service in Great Britain on 20 June 1911.
In Siegerland, Germany, two passenger bus lines ran briefly, in 1895 using a motor carriage developed from the 1893 Benz Viktoria. Another commercial bus line using the same model Benz omnibuses ran in 1898 in the rural area around Llandudno, Wales.
Daimler produced one of the earliest double decker motor-bus models in 1898, which was first used on the streets of London on 23 April 1898.
The Yellow Coach Manufacturing Company, one of the major manufacturer of buses in the US, was founded in Chicago in 1923 by John D. Hertz.
Different uses of Buses
Buses used for Public transport have utilitarian fittings designed for efficient movement of large numbers of people, and often have multiple doors. They operate on a predetermined timetable and normally follow fixed route.
Buses play a major part in the tourism industry. Tour buses around the world allow tourists to view local attractions or scenery. These are often open-top buses, but can also be by regular bus or coach.
Buses are often used for School transport. In some countries particularly in the USA and Canada, buses used for school children are designed with specified mandatory features. Nowadays many School buses are equipped with GPS tracking system.
Many organizations such as police department, military force, social or charitable groups who require group transport regularly may find it practical or cost effective to own and operate a bus for their own needs. Airport operators make use of special airport buses for the crew and passengers transport.
Buses are also often used for advertising, political campaigning, public information campaigns, public relations, or promotional purposes.
In some sparsely populated areas, it’s common to use buses with a cargo area to transport both passengers and cargo at the same time. They are especially common in the Nordic countries.