On April 21, 1526, Babur, a Mughal warrior from Asia, fought the Indian sultan of Delhi.
The sultan had four times the men, plus warrior elephants. But Babur had cunning and guns.
He was descended from the Mongols and had inherited the fierce determination of his Persian ancestors. Although outnumbered, Babur won the battle.
He soon conquered much of northern India. It was the first step in what became a great Islamic empire, covering a large part of India.
Unfortunately, Babur didn’t have long to enjoy his successes. He died just four years later. His son, Humayun, took over. A likable fellow, he was also an opium addict. Within a decade, he had lost almost all the territory his father had won.
When Akbar became Mughal emperor?
Luckily, his clever and fearless 13-year-old son, Akbar, inherited the throne and became the 3rd Mughal emperor in 1556.
Akbar eventually extended the Mughal Empire across all of northern India. Akbar was tolerant of other religions and created a stable, unified system of government. Many consider Akbar the greatest of all Mughals.
After Akbar’s death, the Mughal Empire continued to grow, but it increasingly revolved around its rulers’ interests.
These rulers built elaborate palaces and monuments, such as the Taj Mahal (built in the mid-1600s by Shah Jahan in memory of his wife), and taxed their people to pay for it.
Power also became concentrated in the hands of local, less tolerant leaders. All this contributed to the decline of the Mughal Empire, which ended by the mid-1800s.
The Mughal Empire Documentary