Suleiman the Magnificent ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1520 until his death in 1566. His rule became known as the Golden Age of the Ottoman Empire.
By the mid-1400s, the Ottomans had become the major power in the eastern Mediterranean area.
They had conquered the Byzantine capital of Constantinople (now Istanbul). With their strong military and centralized rule, the Ottoman Empire expanded quickly.
Suleiman rose to power after the death of his father, Selim, in 1520. One year later, he invaded and captured the Serbian city of Belgrade.
That success opened the doors to the Ottoman invasion of other central European countries, such as Hungary.
The Ottomans then spread into the Middle East and even into North Africa. Soon they controlled all trade routes by land and sea from western Asia to India.
Suleiman, also dubbed “the Lawmaker” by his people, strengthened government, and laws. He promoted literature, encouraged the arts and funded new architecture and the repair of historic buildings.
After Suleiman’s death in 1566, the Ottoman Empire fell into a gradual decline, mostly due to incompetent rulers and changing political and economic conditions. The Ottoman Empire survived in some form until it collapsed at the end of World War I